50+ Most Common Root Words in English with Meaning and Examples

50+ Most Common Root Words in English with Meaning and Examples Техника

Hey, there! Welcome to this video on root words, prefixes, and suffixes.

Many of the words we speak in English are made up of Latin and Greek words, but we have added prefixes and suffixes to them. Prefixes and suffixes are known as affixes.

The original word, before you add the affixes, is known as a root word. A root word can stand on its own as a complete word. For example the word reform. Re- is the prefix, and form is the root word. Form, by itself, is still a word. A root, on the other hand, does not typically make up a complete word on its own. For example, transmit. The trans is the prefix meaning across, and mit is the root meaning “to send.” Mit, by itself, is not a complete word.

Now, let’s take a look at what prefixes and suffixes actually are.

Words can be long and difficult at times, but understanding root words and the affixes can help you to understand the meaning of those long words and make them less scary.

New words can be made by adding a prefix before or a suffix after a root or root word.

When an affix is added before the root or root word, it is called a prefix. A helpful way to remember this is by looking at the word prefix itself. Pre means “before,” and a prefix comes before the root or root word.

A prefix often changes the meaning of a word. For instance, the word usual just means that something is customary or habitual. However, when you add the prefix un-, meaning “not” or “opposite of,” to the beginning, it changes the meaning of the word. Now, we have the word unusual, which means that something is not usual, not common, or is rare. Prefixes have definitions of their own, so when we add them onto a root word or root, we have to understand that the meaning of the word has been modified.

Now, an affix that is added to the end of a root or root word is called a suffix. Unlike a prefix, a suffix typically does not change the meaning of the word, at least not in a major way. Instead, a suffix typically adds more specification. For instance, if I say that someone is tall, you think of a person who is above the average or normal height. However, when I say someone is taller, I’m letting you know that a person is tall in comparison to another person, but they may not be tall in general.

Take a look:

Mark is tall. Mark is taller than Jeff.

The meaning of the word is still referring to the height of a person or an object, but adding the suffix has changed the specification.

A suffix can add plurality, which just means that there are more than one of something. The most popular suffixes are -s and -es. These are examples of suffixes that add plurality. I actually just did this with the word suffix. When I just say “suffix,” I am letting you know that there is only one, but when I say “suffixes,” I’ve added plurality, letting you know that there is more than one.

Words can have a prefix, root or root word, and suffix all in one.

Let’s look at the word destruction

De- is the prefix meaning “opposite.” Struct is the Latin root meaning “to build,” and -ion is the suffix meaning “act or process.” Understanding the meaning of prefixes, roots or root words, and suffixes helps us to understand the proper meaning of a word. With our definition of the prefix, root, and suffix, in the word destruction, we can see that the opposite of building is happening.

There are thousands of roots and root words out there that are used in the English language. There are fewer prefixes and suffixes combined than there are roots and root words. Practice finding the prefixes, roots and root words, and suffixes in the words you use in class and at home.

The more you practice, the easier it will be for you to understand the meaning of words that you have never even heard of.

I hope this video on prefixes, roots and root words, and suffixes was helpful for you!

See you next time!

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We often like to make new words by adding all kinds of bits to the beginning and end of an existing word. Such bits added are known as Affixes.

For instance, take the word “mastered”. “Master” is the root word here, which can function as a noun or a verb, as per the context. When you add the letters ‘e’ and ‘d’ at the end of ‘master’, the verb form of the word changes to its past tense. The “ed” used here is an affix.

A set of letters added at the beginning of the end of a root word is known as an affix. The addition of an affix modifies the meaning of a word. An affix as the name suggests ‘fixes’ itself to a root word. The root of a word is that part that remains when the affix is removed. Some simple examples for affixes include:

Now that you know what an affix is let’s explore its types. There are three major kinds of Affix:

Содержание
  1. Prefix
  2. Suffix
  3. Infixes
  4. Combining Forms and Affixes
  5. Why Should You Care About Affixes?
  6. FAQs on Affixes
  7. Conclusion
  8. How to Use Root Words to Form New Words?
  9. Why Learn Root Words?
  10. Are Root Words and Base Words the Same?
  11. Are Root Words Always Simple?
  12. FAQs on Root Words
  13. Word Roots with Latin Origins
  14. What Is a Prefix? (with Examples)
  15. A List of Common Prefixes
  16. A List of Common Suffixes
  17. The Four Most Common Prefixes
  18. «Word Root» or «Base Word»?
  19. (Reason 3) Use an affix to reduce your word count.
  20. (Reason 2) Use your understanding of word roots and affixes to decode the meanings of long words.
  21. Word Roots with Greek Origins
  22. (Point 2) Can you add to prefix to reduce your word count?
  23. Example of Word Roots with Prefixes and Suffixes
  24. What Is a Word Root? (with Examples)
  25. (Reason 4) Break down long words to help with spelling
  26. (Point 3) Improve your spelling and vocabulary.
  27. (Point 1) Are prefixes hyphenated?
  28. Examples of Words with Prefixes
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Prefix

An affix that is attached at the beginning of a word is known as a prefix. A prefix is positioned before the root word. They create a new word that has a different meaning from the root word. For example: Take the word capable. By adding the prefix ‘in’ a new word ‘Incapable’ is created. Some other common prefixes used in English include

Hyphenated Prefixes: At times you might have noticed a hyphen placed between the prefix and the root word. This is common in the below cases.

Suffix

Suffixes are positioned at the end of a root word. Just like prefixes, suffixes also create new words that have new meanings. The four most common suffixes are

In certain cases, the spelling of a root word is altered when a suffix is added. One such example would be the word “unimaginable”. Its root word is “imagine.” Generally when a word ends in a silent ‘e’, the suffix is added in the place of the silent ‘e’.

Hyphenated Suffixes: Hyphenated suffixes are used at the end of words. Just like hyphenated prefixes, they are not part of the word but rather are hyphenated after the word they intend to modify. Hyphenated suffixes are very rare.

Infixes

Infixes are words or word elements that occur within a base word, generally separated by hyphens. There are no “true” infixes in English. Infixes are all formed colloquially in speech and writing, for the sake of adding emphasis to a word.

50+ Most Common Root Words in English with Meaning and Examples

Combining Forms and Affixes

A study of affixes remains incomplete without knowing what combining forms are. Even though combining forms are not affixes, their function is similar to that of an affix.

A combining form refers to a new word that is built by combining two independent words or two affixes.
Affixes are added to prevailing root words or roots to modify the meaning, combining forms on the other hand creates new words.

Why Should You Care About Affixes?

Learning affixes can help you master the English language easily. Given below are some of the benefits of using affixes:

FAQs on Affixes

1. Is an affix added before the root word?

No. Affix is not always added before the root word. A set of letters added at the beginning of a word or at the end is known as an affix.

2. Which are the two important types of affixes?

A set of letters added at the beginning or the end of a root word is known as an affix. The two kinds of affixes include prefixes and suffixes. A prefix is added before the root word whereas a suffix is added after the root word.

3. What does Affixation mean?

The process of adding affixes to the root word is known as affixation. The addition of an affix will bring about a meaning change.

4. What is the function of an affix?

A set of letters added at the beginning or end of a root word is known as an affix. Affixes play an important role in the creation of new words. Similarly, the addition of affixes can also change the meaning or form of the root word.

Conclusion

The addition of affixes at the beginning and end of words is useful to create new words and add new shades of meanings to the existing words. Hence make sure that you have a thorough understanding of affixes and their types. Study various English Vocabulary Words as well to improve your command over the language.

You might have often wondered how certain small words occasionally appear in a lot of bigger words. The smaller words from which new words are formed are known as roots. In English Grammar, a root refers to a word or word element from which other words are formed, usually by adding prefixes and suffixes. Roots are also known by the name root words.

Root Words in English have their basic roots in Greek and Latin language. It is from root words that new words are shaped. This happens through the addition of a prefix or suffix. So what are prefixes and suffixes?

Affix refers to a string of letters that is added at the start or end of a word. Now let’s see how root words work in English. Have you ever heard of the word ‘Archy’ which means rule? The root word ‘archy’ forms new words with the addition of suffixes and prefixes. Examples include:

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From the above example, it’s pretty clear that English root words can be a powerful method to learn multiple English Vocabulary Words at the same time.

1. Root Word: logy

Meaning: a study of something

Words: anthropology, zoology, theology

2. Root Word: cert

Words: certain, certainly, certified

3. Root Word: max

Words: maximum, maximise, maxima

4. Root Word: min

Words: minimal, minimize

5. Root Word: poly

Words: Polygamy, Polyglot

6. Root word: legal
Meaning: relating to the law
Words: Illegal, legalities

50+ Most Common Root Words in English with Meaning and Examples

7. Root word: meter
Meaning: measure or quantity
Words: millimeter, thermometer, kilometers

8. Root word: norm
Meaning: typical or standard
Words: abnormal, normal, normality

9. Root word: phobia
Meaning: fear
Words: claustrophobia, hydrophobia

10. Root word: act
Meaning: To move or do
Words: acting, enacting

How to Use Root Words to Form New Words?

Now that you are already familiar with root words, let’s take a look at how root words combine with prefixes and suffixes to form new words.

Take a look at the root word “Act”. You can create a new word by adding the element “reen.” “Reen” is used as a prefix, a component placed in front of a root word thereby changing its meaning. Prefixes at times can create new words that belong to a different class. So, from the noun “act,” we form the verb, “to reenact,” which means to act or perform something a second time.

You can add elements to the end of a root word. For instance, take the word “acting.” The suffix “ing” changes the noun “act” into an adjective. Suffixes are placed after the root word i.e. at the last. Prefixes and suffixes are altogether known as affixes.

Why Learn Root Words?

Does understanding of root words matter? Absolutely yes! Given below are some of the benefits of knowing root words:

Root words help you identify the meaning of a bigger, multisyllabic word by breaking it down into smaller units. Example: The word “Disrespectfully” can be broken down to dis-respect-ful-ly. This means something like “not-respect-full-of + adverb,”. This understanding serves as a great starting point for analyzing the meaning.

When you can identify a root word, prefix and suffix, you will be better equipped to build new words and expand your vocabulary. For example: “port” is a root word that means “to carry” or “to move”. Many new words are formed by adding prefixes and suffixes to the root word. Such words include transport, portable, teleportation, deport or export etc.

Expanding your vocabulary in turn helps you develop your comprehension, reading and writing skills. Root words, particularly those from other languages, help you learn about how a language evolved, how it is connected to other languages, and what important historical impacts resulted in its changes.

Are Root Words and Base Words the Same?

Base words are identical to root words, but they are not the same. A base word can be considered a standalone English word. A base word can also form other words by using prefixes and suffixes. However, root words cannot always be used as independent words.

Are Root Words Always Simple?

Most of the root words have a meaning of their own. That meaning conforms to the new word made from it. However, be cautious as this is not always the case. Some root word varieties make less sense.

If you were to infer the meaning of apology based on root words alone, you might get the impression that it means “away from speech.” However, that is not a very apt description for a word that expresses regret or remorse. Hence understanding the meaning of the roots never ensures that you always have the most appropriate or clear definition.

FAQs on Root Words

1) What are some of the common root words?
A root word refers to a word or word element from which other words are formed, usually by adding prefixes and suffixes. Some of the common root words include act, friend, semi, max, min etc.

2) Do all words have roots?
In most cases, a word will have at least one root. It is from the root word that new words are coined. However, words can also be made up of more than one root. Example: geology- the root words are geo and logy.

3) What are prefixes and suffixes?
A root refers to a word or word element from which other words are formed, usually by adding prefixes and suffixes. Prefix refers to a word that is added before the root word.
Example: befriend- root word- friend and prefix added is “be”
On the other hand, suffixes are added after the root word. Example: friendly- root word- friend and suffix- “ly”.

Mastering the concept of root words can be helpful to you in numerous ways. If you take some time to learn root words and the most common affixes, you’ll enhance your vocabulary more than you can imagine. Learning root words will help you create new words by the addition of affixes.

You can also deconstruct a bigger word to learn its meaning if you are well versed in root words. On the whole, root words serve as an important lesson that helps you understand how words are formed. Check out our articles on How to Improve your Vocabulary and never struggle while speaking the language in search of words.

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Word Roots with Latin Origins

Lots of word roots derive from Latin. For example:

What Is a Prefix? (with Examples)

A prefix is a half word (e.g., anti-, ex-, post-, pre-) added to the front of a word to modify its meaning.

Table of Contents

50+ Most Common Root Words in English with Meaning and Examples

Prefixes contrast with suffixes, which are added to the back of a word. Prefixes and suffixes are known as affixes.

A List of Common Prefixes

Here at Grammar Monster, we use the version on the left (i.e. «word root»), but be aware that you might encounter the version on the right (i.e., «base word» and «root words» to mean the base word and the affixes).

Here is a list of common prefixes with some examples:

A List of Common Suffixes

Here is a list of common suffixes with some examples:

The term «word root» does not just apply to nouns and creating new nouns (e.g., forming «player» from «play»). Word roots also apply to verbs, adverbs, and adjectives. For example:

Why Word Roots Are Important

Here are four good reasons to care about word roots.

The Four Most Common Prefixes

The four most common prefixes are dis-, in-, re-, and un-. (These account for over 95% of prefixed words.) Here they are in some quotations.

«Word Root» or «Base Word»?

Be aware that there are two different terminologies for dissecting words:

(Reason 3) Use an affix to reduce your word count.

A word’s meaning is changed when an affix is added. Sometimes, you can exploit this to reduce your word count and to create a more flowing text.

(Reason 2) Use your understanding of word roots and affixes to decode the meanings of long words.

Often, you can decode the meaning of a word by identifying the word root and applying your understanding of any affixes. Here’s an easy example with the word «disrespectfully»:

Here are some harder examples:

Word Roots with Greek Origins

Lots of word roots in English derive from Greek. For example:

(Point 2) Can you add to prefix to reduce your word count?

Often a prefix can be added to reduce your word count by a word. For example:

Example of Word Roots with Prefixes and Suffixes

In these examples, the word roots are in shaded, but the prefixes and suffixes aren’t.

What Is a Word Root? (with Examples)

A word root is the base part of a word (i.e., the word less any prefixes and suffixes).

To change the meaning of a word, a prefix can be added to the front of the word root, or a suffix can be added to the back. Quite often, a prefix and a suffix are added to a word root to change the meaning. (Prefixes and suffixes are known as

50+ Most Common Root Words in English with Meaning and Examples

(Reason 4) Break down long words to help with spelling

The word «antidisestablishmentarianism» (a 19th-century political position that sought the removal of the Anglican Church’s status as the state church of England, Ireland and Wales) is best known not for what it represents but for its length (28 letters and 12 syllables). Can you spell it? No? I bet you can. If you break it down into its word root and affixes, it’s pretty simple.

This is well-used technique to help with spelling.

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(Point 3) Improve your spelling and vocabulary.

In the entry on affixes, we talk about how you can use your understanding of prefixes to:

Why Prefixes Are Important

Here are three noteworthy points related to prefixes.

(Point 1) Are prefixes hyphenated?

By far the most common question with prefixes is whether to use a hyphen or not. In other words, should you write re-consider or reconsider, or anti-aircraft or antiaircraft?

As a general guideline, avoid a hyphen, but if the unhyphenated version is a spelling mistake (let your spellchecker do its job) or looks too unwieldy for you, then use a hyphen.

This overarching guidance will see you through most situations. Below are six points offering a little more detail:

If your prefix sits before a proper noun, use a hyphen.

If the prefix ends in the same vowel that the root words starts with, separate them with a hyphen.

However, particularly when the vowel is an ‘o,’ if you can bear how the word looks without a hyphen and your spellchecker lets it through, then omit the hyphen.

When a prefix ends in a vowel and the root word starts with a different vowel, it is usual to omit the hyphen.

If the unhyphenated version could be confused with a different word, add the hyphen. (This is most common with the prefix ‘re.’)

Most prefixed words exist in both forms. As you might have noticed from the guidelines above, it is often down to how the writer feels about the word.

Examples of Words with Prefixes

If you’re learning English, you can quickly increase your vocabulary by learning some common word roots and the most common prefixes and suffixes.

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