16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

  1. 16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil
  2. Shallow Rooted Vegetables
  3. Flowering Plants With Shallow Roots
  4. Rhododendron & Azalea spp.
  5. Herbs With Shallow Roots
  6. Shallow Rooted Houseplants
  7. Why are plants with shallow roots suitable for container gardening?
  8. Which plants have shallow roots?
  9. Impatiens
  10. Petunias
  11. Marigolds
  12. Zinnias
  13. Cosmos
  14. Sunflowers
  15. Black-eyed Susans
  16. Coneflowers
  17. Daylilies
  18. Hostas
  19. Sedum
  20. Lavender
  21. Mint
  22. Rosemary
  23. Where can I grow plants with shallow roots?
  24. Which plants like roots?
  25. Crassula ovata – Wikipedia
  26. Why do plants like roots?
  27. How do I know if my plant needs to be repotted?
  28. Why are my plant roots appearing?
  29. Is the root binding okay?
  30. How can I make my spider plant more bushy?
  31. What can I grow in a cloth pot?
  32. Are cloth flower pots worth it?
  33. Do you need to make holes in the cloth basin?
  34. Should plant roots be exposed?
  35. How can I make my radishes grow faster?
  36. How do I know if my pothos is root bound?
  37. Do you have to cut off the roots when repotting?
  38. What does a rotten root look like?
  39. How do you separate a spider plant from the root system?
  40. Do plants grow better in fabric pots?
  41. Can I use garden soil in fabric pots?
  42. Considerations
  43. Trees and Shrubs
  44. Annuals and Perennials
  45. Vines
  46. Vegetables and Herbs
  47. What are Roots and Tubers?
  48. What is a Tuber?
  49. Vegetables That are Tubers
  50. Vegetables That are Roots
  51. Root cuttings are a fun way of propagating new plants, and rooting hormone can increase the odds of success.
  52. What to Consider When Choosing the Best Rooting Hormone
  53. Form
  54. Ingredients
  55. Application
  56. Our Verdict
  57. How We Chose the Best Rooting Hormones
  58. FAQs
  59. How does a rooting hormone work?
  60. Is rooting hormone necessary for cuttings?
  61. How long will my rooting hormone take to work?
  62. Do rooting hormone solutions work for hydroponic plants?
  63. The Best Root Tabs Are Effective, Affordable, and Last Long
  64. Root Tabs Should Be Affordable
  65. Root Tabs Should Last Long
  66. Flourish Tabs by Seachem

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

We’ve finally found a solution for all of you who love indoor plants, but you just don’t have the time to care for, lubricate or even water them.

Below you will find a list of 16 aromatic plants and indoor plants that not only root in water, but plants that grow in water without a trace of soil, in a simple jar of water. It’s a method that takes minimal effort and creates incredible plants of artwork with the roots visible to your home.

Here’s how it works: Plants need water, oxygen, nutrients and support to grow upright to grow. Traditional plants cover the last two needs of the soil. But what if instead of soil you give your plants nutrient-rich water and a narrow-necked vase for support? Then as a magic you get your own “garden”.

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Ficus lyre, rosemary and geraniums in water – without soil, have taken root and is so beautiful that constitute the central pieces in the dining room.

And even better: This method eliminates the major causes of plant deaths: excessive or less than watering. Also without soil, your plants are much less likely to have problems with diseases or pests. Let instead of daily maintenance, you simply refill the water once a month.

How to do it:

Pick a plant that takes root in the water (below you will find a list of some of the most recommended plants), and cut a sprig just below a leaf where the natural rooting hormone is active.

While the graft is still fresh, place it in a glass container with water. Choose a container with a white neck or bowl that will support the top of the plant. Because the new plant will receive all the nutrients from the water, the type of water is important here. Use bottled water rich in ingredients instead of tap, from which the ingredients have been removed by filtration and chlorination.

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Usually after 2 weeks you will see the first signs of rooting on your new plant. When the water in the jar drops, just fill it with bottled water

Which plants grow in water:

Nice or otherwise Nice leaf Chlorophyll or otherwise spider plant Swordfish or otherwise Lily of peace Telegraph, this fantastic purple plant

After a few weeks, some of these plants such as geraniums may even bloom.

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

When I was a beginner gardener, a wise man told me to start a garden bed first. I was pretty curious because it didn’t make any sense to me at the time.

I thought that the way to start gardening was by digging holes and planting seeds; I didn’t think much about the types of plants I should grow.

I also didn’t know that I could save space if I grew shallow rooted houseplants (smaller pots, smaller plants).

But the thing is, shallow rooted plants are actually the best choice for when you first start growing plants, especially for small gardens.

This is why you should choose your plants according to their type of roots.

In this article, I will show you lots of great shallow rooted veggies, herbs, and houseplants, all of which are pretty easy to grow and will look amazing (some even taste great!).

The plant world may be hard to wrap your head around in the beginning – so many families, genera, species, and plant parts – it’s seemingly never ending!

Once you start growing plants, you will quickly learn the ropes, however.

The first thing to remember is that plant leaves, stems, and flowers can’t be produced if they don’t have enough food.

They receive food from their roots, and plants may have shallow or deep roots. For example, cucumbers only have one root – the taproot.

These roots grow deep and will take up a lot of space below the surface of the soil.

On the other hand, some plants have shallow roots that only take up a small space below the surface.

Vegetables such as broccoli, kale, spinach, and radishes have these types of roots. Flowering plants such as azaleas, hostas, salvias, hydrangeas, or petunias also belong to the category of shallow rooted plants.

Additionally, herbs such as mint, rosemary, and basil, as well as houseplants like snake plants, panda plants, and some succulents also have shallow root systems.

Let’s get into details!

Shallow Rooted Vegetables

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

You can also grow radishes, chard, spinach, or onion if you decide to go for shallow rooted veggies.

You will notice roots developing in the second broccoli growing stage. Interestingly, broccoli roots start growing at great depth, but as the plant matures the root growth rate slows down.

You can grow broccoli from stems or seeds, but the essential thing to understand about these veggies is that the depth of the root system also depends on the variety.

Broccoli needs a lot of nutrients, which means that regular fertilization is the best way to encourage growth.

Keeping the soil moist is also essential for broccoli plants, so water them about once a week.

Kale is another veggie suitable for shallow pots, and thrives even in chilly weather.

Fill a pot with 6-8 inches of appropriate potting mix and plant your kale at a depth of about half an inch.

When planting, the only thing to pay attention to is leaving enough space between each kale plant – about 4 inches should work well for smaller varieties.

Keep your kale out of high temperatures as it may cause them to taste bitter, decrease their growth rate, and produce low-quality crops.

Due to their shallow roots, kale can’t tolerate waterlogged soil and is extremely susceptible to root rot.

Try to keep the soil moist, but never soggy.

Another shallow-rooted plant is good old spinach. You don’t need to be a professional gardener for your spinach to grow well.

This is an ideal veggie for beginner growers because you can grow them in containers. Purchase a 6-8 inch deep pot and place the spinach seeds in it. New plants should grow quickly, so you can harvest spinach before you know it!

The number of spinach plants you can grow in the same container depends on its width.

Spacing is also important for spinach – you’ll need to leave 5-6 inches between each plant.

Apply a slow-release fertilizer and water the plants frequently. Your spinach will need a lot of full sun, so make sure to find a good spot.

When grown indoors, spinach may require grow lights.

Radishes are annual plants, and even though the crops are below the soil surface, these plants don’t need deep soil.

Radishes are ideal for container gardening, and grow well with other plants in containers as they help keep pests away from other veggies.

These plants won’t tolerate shade, so you’ll need to find a sunny spot. For optimal growth, apply fertilizer rich in phosphorus.

Overly wet soil is a big problem for radishes, especially for its seeds, so try not to overwater them unless you want your radish to die!

I use drip irrigation systems and highly recommend this method to all growers.

Although cabbage may look like a pretty large plant, what happens below the soil line is entirely another story.

The length of cabbage roots mainly depends on the variety, but standard cabbage varieties have approximately 18-30 inch deep roots.
Chinese cabbage has roots that are around 2 inches deep.

The fact is that shallow rooted plants require frequent watering. Still, cabbage plants can withstand longer periods of drought, unlike their cousin broccoli.

Cabbage requires more frequent watering at the end of the growing season because underwatering may cause the heads to split.
Add nitrogen-rich fertilizer to get the tastiest crops ever!

Onions are another plant with shallow roots, and these biennials can be found in almost every vegetable garden.

Onions go through 10 growing stages pretty quickly if you meet all their requirements. Don’t worry – you won’t have to spend too much time caring for your onions.

Onions are acid-loving plants and require loamy soil with good aeration. They are also sun-loving plants – with some varieties needing 14 hours of direct sunlight per day!

Spacing plays a great role in onion growing, and you should leave about 2 inches of soil between the onion seeds.

Additionally, you’ll need to add about 2 inches of water every week if you want your onion to reach maturation.

Garlic is on my top five list of veggies due to its taste (not smell) and how easy it is to grow. Some shallow rooted garlic varieties develop roots only two inches long.

You need to fertilize garlic regularly and keep an eye out for pests that could ruin your plans.

If you live in climates susceptible to frost, mulch the soil to help your garlic overwinter. After the danger of frost has passed, you can remove the mulch.

Garlic is very competitive when it comes to nutrients, so avoid planting it near other plants that require the same amount of nutrients.

Arugula roots grow from 12 to 18 inches long. This veggie requires little maintenance.

It prefers rich, well-draining soil with a pH of between 6.0 and 6.8. Additionally, these plants prefer moist soil, so avoid letting the soil completely dry in between waterings.

I grow my arugula in raised beds, and they seem to really like it.

Flowering Plants With Shallow Roots

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

That certainly was a lovely list of shallow rooted veggies! Now let’s take a look at a list of shallow rooted flowering plants.

Rhododendron & Azalea spp.

Planting shallow rooted azaleas can be a little tricky because the roots may ‘sink’ if planted too deep.

I recommend mulching the plants with something like pine needles. This way, you’ll both protect the roots and help the soil retain moisture.

You’ll need to deadhead your rhododendrons and azaleas after blooming. Your goal is to encourage vegetative growth.

It may be challenging to overwinter these plants; the best thing would be to add layers of mulch as the winter approaches or protect the plants with burlap.

In my opinion, salvias are the ultimate low-maintenance plants. They need a lot of full sun to produce their beautiful red/white/yellow/purple/pink flowers.

These types of plants have shallow root systems, so add compost and garden grit to ensure sufficient nutrients and good drainage.

As a matter of fact, compost is the only fertilizer salvia needs.

Lilacs are old-school flowering shrubs or trees that have pretty shallow root systems. This is surprising as we usually think of deep roots in connection with trees.

Lilacs are well-known plants due to their fragrant and beautiful blossoms. Luckily, lilacs aren’t fussy plants and could probably grow just fine on their own.

You’ll only need to add water if there’s not at least one inch of rainfall per week.

These plants are susceptible to overfertilization, so I recommend applying triple 10 fertilizer – ideally in late winter.

However, adding compost and mulch will ensure your lilacs get sufficient nutrients and also help the soil retain moisture.

Hostas grow well in shady areas, but I recommend giving them dappled sunlight. These plants aren’t picky about their soil type, they simply require good drainage and despise clay-based soil.

I also recommend amending the soil with organic matter or using regular potting soil if you grow these plants in pots.

Your hostas won’t do well in longer periods of drought, so never let the term “drought-resistant” fool you.

Another great thing about these plants is that they aren’t affected by humidity or temperature; they just keep growing.

The main thing to pay attention to when it comes to weather is wind, which can damage hostas.

If you choose to feed your hostas, I recommend using compost only.

Another shallow rooted plant, the famous periwinkle from the Vinca family. These plants are mostly grown as groundcovers.

If you are a beginner grower, I recommend growing periwinkle because this hardy perennial can survive even the harshest conditions.

You can encourage growth by providing enough dappled sunlight and rich soil.

But, as I said, periwinkles grow well in any conditions.

You can choose between smaller (minor) and bigger (major) varieties.

Another shallow rooted perennial is a shade-loving epimedium commonly known as barrenwort.

Heart-shaped leaves and colorful flowers make this unusual plant desired by many gardening enthusiasts.

These plants thrive in USDA plant hardiness zone 3-9 and can survive pretty harsh conditions.

Barrenwort is also drought-tolerant, which makes it a beginner-friendly plant. Barrenwort enjoys company, so plant some flowering bulbs near it for best results.

Bugleweed is a very common shallow rooted plant, which makes it a great groundcover.

A humid environment and abundant sunlight will encourage your bugleweed to grow healthy and thrive.

However, be extremely cautious with bugleweed as it’s considered invasive in some parts of America.

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Dark green leaves and colorful flowers make this plant very attractive. If you ensure the correct conditions, bugleweed can be your best friend.

When it comes to the lavender plant, it can be almost impossible to decide between the color of the flowers and their scent!

Lavender doesn’t have deep roots and thrives in shallow soil. Although lavender may grow well in partial shade, I suggest exposing it to full sun as much as possible.

Make sure temperatures are within the range of 70 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

As far as soil is concerned, your lavender will grow well in almost all types – but only decide your watering schedule after choosing the soil type.

There’s no need to boost growth or supplement the soil with organic matter.

The trumpet-like flowers of petunia plants put them at the top of many most-beautiful-plants lists.

Petunia plant roots are pretty shallow, so you’ll need to pay close attention to moisture as the soil may dry up quickly.

If you want to avoid problems with dry soil, I recommend adding organic matter to the substrate as it will help with water retention.

Your petunias won’t survive anything lower than 40 degrees Fahrenheit, so it’s important to ensure they get full sun and are fertilized regularly to see the true beauty of their blossoms.

If you are looking for a plant to serve as a border, zinnia plants are the ideal choice.

Zinnias adore the sun, so make sure to find a good spot for them.

Don’t leave zinnias in soil that’s too wet because the shallow roots may rot quickly.

Zinnias can grow in different types of soil. Even poor soil will provide your plant with all it needs.

Unlike Zinnias, hydrangeas prefer organic matter and won’t grow well in poor soil that retains too much water.

Hydrangeas are also plants that have shallow roots. They aren’t heavy drinkers; 1 inch of water a week should suffice.

You can apply fertilizer to your hydrangeas, but the type of fertilizer you need depends on the hydrangea variety in question.

The best idea would be to perform a soil test before you start adding supplements.

Herbs With Shallow Roots

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Let’s look at a list of popular herbs perfect for both outdoor gardening and indoor container gardening.

Mint is a low-maintenance perennial with a distinctive scent belonging to the family Lamiaceae.

Mint, or Mentha spp., is a very common plant. If you are a fan of spicy herbs, mint is a great option as it’s one of the hardiest plants and can grow anywhere.

A special thing about mint is that its stems grow upwards, bend over when mature, and then produce roots where they come into contact with the soil.

This means mint spreads at a fast rate, so it would be a good idea to control its growth unless you want an entire garden bed of mint!
The best idea would be to find a place where you can grow just mint as it will be easier to control it.

Partial shade or full sun, rich soil (to skip fertilizing), high humidity, and watering during very dry periods are what your mint needs.
If you live in USDA hardiness zone 3, I recommend growing the peppermint variety.

If you have tried any Mediterranean dishes, I’m sure that there was some rosemary in it.

It really makes any dish tastier, and you can grow rosemary in your garden! This herb is perfect for container gardening as well.

It thrives in warmer climates and requires a lot of full suns. This long-lasting plant also requires soil with excellent drainage if you want it to last.

Rosemary doesn’t require much fertilizer; adding compost or liquid balanced fertilizer to the soil should fulfill the needs of this fragrant plant.

I bet you thought basil was Italian, but it’s actually an Indian herb!

If you live in USDA hardiness zones 10-11, you can grow basil as a perennial.

On the other hand, basil is grown as an annual plant in all other zones.

When growing this herb, the aim should be to promote bushy growth and produce many leaves.

However, this may be challenging because you’ll need to trim the top leaves as soon as the plant starts maturing.

If you let your basil bloom it will concentrate on producing seeds rather than leaves, and you will be left with many seeds but only a few leaves.

As well as trimming, you’ll also need to provide your basil with regular watering and a couple of hours of full sun each day.
You can help the soil retain moisture by adding a nutrient-rich mulch.

Unlike other shallow rooted plants, your basil will need some food in order to produce tasty leaves.

Shallow Rooted Houseplants

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

If you would like to add a couple of shallow pots to your home decor, this is a list of plants you can grow in them.

Although the term snake isn’t often heard with the term plant, the snake plant has become one of the most commonly grown houseplants in the world.

Of course, it has nothing to do with snakes, nor does it attract any; it’s actually a low-maintenance plant with breathtaking, variegated, succulent-like leaves.

Many wonder how fast snake plants grow because it may sometimes seem like they aren’t growing at all.

When they reach their mature size they get pretty tall, so it’s surprising that these plants have shallow roots.

This shallow rooted perennial thrives in soil with good drainage and bright indirect light.

It’s easy to overwater this plant due to its shallow roots, so if you notice the leaves of your snake plant splitting you should change your watering habits.

Snake plants tolerate different temperatures, but it would be best to set the thermostat between 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Boost the growth twice in the growing season with 10 10 10 fertilizer diluted to half strength.

The kalanchoe tomentosa is a Madagascar native plant. If you have children, they will love this plant due to its cheery appearance. However, please keep it away from cats and dogs as the panda plant is toxic to them.

This shallow rooted succulent prefers bright indirect light, but will also benefit from a little direct sun in the morning.

Bear in mind that succulents store water in their leaves, so they don’t need much water – especially in winter. Never leave shallow rooted panda plants sitting in waterlogged soil.

Moderate humidity and soil made for succulents is a great combination that your panda plant will really appreciate.

Anyone who hears about the benefits of the soothing gel from aloe vera leaves will want to grow this plant, which is likely the reason aloe is commonly seen in many households.

Another thing that makes aloe a great houseplant is that it’s easy-to-grow.

It requires sandy and acidic soil, so I recommend purchasing a ready succulent soil mix to be on the safe side.

The amount of light your aloe needs depends on where it’s growing. For example, outdoor aloes benefit from direct sunlight in the morning and a little bit of shade in the afternoon.

On the other hand, indoor aloes don’t take direct sunlight well, and can even cause burns on the leaves and damage the plant permanently.

If you like a challenge, I have the perfect plant for you! Although the zebra plant is often thought of as easy to grow, there are a couple of things that may go wrong.

First, it needs warm temperatures (over 60 degrees Fahrenheit) and high humidity (70% should suffice). Keep your zebra plant soil moist and avoid direct sunlight to avoid killing it.

On the other hand, you must also keep it away from complete shade as it won’t bloom without light.

You will also need to fertilize your zebra plant every two weeks during the growing season.

If you meet these requirements, your shallow rooted zebra plant will thrive in no time.

One of the most colorful shallow rooted plants is the popular Maranta leuconeura, also known as the prayer plant.

If you decide to grow this plant, you’ll need to ensure warm temperatures, high moisture, good airflow, and plenty of food!

These are the conditions found in greenhouses.

Prayer plants don’t like wet soil and are prone to root rot.

Soil with good drainage is essential. Additionally, feed your plant every two weeks during the growing season with an all-purpose, water-soluble fertilizer.

I’m sure this article inspired you to grow lots of shallow rooted plants!

I highly recommend these plants to beginner growers because they are the ‘hardest’ to kill and easiest to repot houseplants.

This is a very important feature; you can quickly remove the plant from its pot and revive it in case you accidentally overwater it, for example.

Now, get yourself at least one shallow rooted plant and enjoy growing it!

Until next time!

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Every now and then I want to add more and more greenery into some spaces at home which feel so plain. And you like me who left only so much space, plants with shallow roots system and growing in short pots are the perfect solution for you.

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

You can grow plants in pots or containers of any size, so you can fit them into any space. And plants with shallow roots are perfect for container gardening! These plants don’t need a lot of soil to grow, so they’re perfect for small pots. There are even flowering plants with shallow roots which can add more color to any space.

Plants with shallow roots don’t need a lot of soil to grow. They have short root systems that allow them to get the water and nutrients they need from a small amount of soil. This makes them ideal for growing in pots or containers because they don’t need a lot of space to spread their roots.

Why are plants with shallow roots suitable for container gardening?

There are several reasons why plants with shallow roots are suitable for container gardening. First, as we mentioned before, these plants don’t need a lot of soil to grow. This means you can use small pots or containers to grow them.

And since they don’t need a lot of space to spread their roots, you can fit more plants into a smaller space. Additionally, plants with shallow roots are often drought-tolerant. This means they don’t need a lot of water to thrive, so they’re perfect for dry climates or areas with limited water.

Which plants have shallow roots?

There are many plants that have shallow roots, but here are a few of the most popular:


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Impatiens are a popular choice for both gardeners and landscapers due to their vibrant flowers and easy care requirements. One of the most common questions about impatiens is how long their roots can grow. The answer depends on the variety of impatiens, but most have roots that can reach up to 2 feet in length. Impatiens also have a fibrous root system, which makes them well-suited for growing in containers.

When it comes to planting impatiens, gardeners in cooler climates will have the best luck growing them in pots that can be brought indoors during the winter months. In general, impatiens prefer moist, well-drained soil and partial shade, making them ideal for planting under trees or in shady areas of the garden. With proper care, impatiens will thrive in USDA hardiness zones 10-12.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Petunias are a popular choice for both gardens and containers because of their colorful petals and ease of care. But how long do petunia roots grow, and what kind of roots does this plant have? The answer may surprise you.

Petunia roots can grow up to 10 feet long, but they are typically only 2-3 feet long. The roots are mostly fibrous, with a few larger lateral roots. This plant does best in a container or garden in zones 9-11, although it can also do well in zone 8 with some protection from the cold. The main thing to remember with petunias is that they need well-draining soil. Planting them in too much shade will result in fewer leaves, so if you’re looking for a plant with short roots with vibrant colors, be sure to give them plenty of sun.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Marigolds are versatile and popular plants with shallow root systems, known for their ability to brighten up any garden. They come in a variety of colors, including yellow, orange, and red, and they are relatively easy to care for. One question that is often asked about marigolds is how deep their roots grow. The answer depends on the type of marigold.

Some varieties, such as French marigolds, have small roots that only grow a few inches below the surface of the soil. Others, like signet marigolds, have deeper roots that can reach up to two feet in depth. Regardless of the type of marigold, they all have fibrous root systems that help anchor the plant in place and absorb nutrients from the soil. When it comes to planting marigolds, they can be placed either in a garden bed or in a container.

If you live in an area with harsh winters, it is best to plant them in a container so you can easily move them indoors when the temperature starts to drop. Marigolds are also fairly tolerant of different growing conditions, but they prefer full sun and well-drained soil. In terms of gardening zones, marigolds can be grown in zones 2-11.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Zinnias are a type of shallow-rooted flowering plant that belongs to the Asteraceae family. They are native to Mexico and South America, but they can now be found all over the world. Zinnias are known for their bright, cheerful petals, which comes in a wide range of colors. They are a popular choice for both gardens and containers, and they are relatively easy to care for. Zinnias typically have a taproot system, which means that their roots grow down into the soil.

The main root can grow quite long, and it is typically surrounded by smaller lateral roots. In general, zinnias prefer well-drained soil and full sun, although some varieties can tolerate partial shade. They will also grow in a wide range of soil types, from sandy to clay. Most zinnias will thrive in USDA hardiness zones 2-11. However, it is always best to check the specific variety that you are planning to grow. With proper care, zinnias will bloom from early summer until the first frost of the season.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Cosmos are a type of short root plant that can grow up to six feet tall. They have shallow, fibrous roots that spread wide, making them well-suited for growing in containers or gardens. Cosmos can thrive in a variety of gardening zones, but they do best in warm, sunny locations. When planting cosmos, it is important to keep the root system moist until the plants are established. Once they are established, the cosmos are relatively drought-tolerant. With proper care, the cosmos will bloom from spring through fall.

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16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Sunflowers are annual plants that grow to a height of 6 to 12 feet, with a single large flower head that can be up to 12 inches in diameter. The roots of sunflowers are relatively short, growing to a depth of only 2 to 3 feet. However, the taproot can extend much further down into the soil, providing anchorage and support for the plant.

Sunflowers are not particular about soil type, but they do need good drainage. They can be grown in containers or in the garden, but if you want to keep the root system short, it’s best to plant them in a container. Sunflowers are hardy in USDA gardening zones 4-9.

Black-eyed Susans

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia hirta) are easy-to-grow annuals that add a splash of color to any garden. They are hardy plants that can tolerate a wide range of growing conditions, but they do best in full sun and well-drained soil. Black-eyed Susans have fibrous roots that spread out close to the surface of the soil.

This makes them ideal for planting in containers or raised beds where their roots will not compete with other plants for space. To keep the roots short, it is best to plant black-eyed Susans in areas with minimal foot traffic. They will also thrive in any gardening zone as long as they are given enough sunlight and water.

These plants are all annual, which means they only last one growing season. This makes them ideal for container gardening because you can change up your plants each year to get a new look.

If you are looking for perennial with short-rooted, here are our  top picks:


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Coneflowers are hardy perennials that can thrive in a wide range of conditions. Their roots are deep and fibrous, making them very drought-tolerant. However, they can also tolerate moist soils, making them ideal for a variety of garden locations. One of the best ways to keep coneflowers’ roots short is to plant them in a container. This will help to prevent the roots from spreading too rapidly and becoming invasive.

Coneflowers are also relatively disease-resistant, making them a low-maintenance option for gardeners. They typically bloom from early summer to fall, and their flowers come in various colors including pink, purple, and white. Coneflowers can thrive in USDA hardiness zones 3-9, making them a versatile option for gardens across the country.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Daylilies are hardy perennials that are relatively easy to grow. They are adaptable to a wide range of soil types and can tolerate some drought. Daylilies have thick, fleshy roots that store moisture and nutrients. They also have small root hairs that help the plant absorb water and nutrients from the soil. Daylilies can be planted in either a garden or a container.

If you live in an area with cold winters, it is best to plant them in a container so you can move them indoors. Daylilies do not like to be waterlogged, so it is important to make sure the soil drains well. You can control the size of daylilies by removing the flower stalks after they bloom. You can also divide the plants every few years to keep them from getting too big. Daylilies are hardy in zones 3-9.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Hostas are a type of perennial that is grown for their large, lush leaves. The plant produces rhizomes, which are thick, fleshy roots that grow horizontally just below the soil surface. Propagating hostas from these rhizomes is an easy way to produce new plants.

In fact, if left unchecked, hostas can easily take over a garden bed due to their aggressive root system. For this reason, many gardeners prefer to pot their hostas in containers. This not only prevents the plant from spreading but also makes it easier to control the amount of water and fertilizer the plant receives.

Hostas are hardy plants that can thrive in a wide range of temperatures and light conditions. However, they do prefer shady areas and well-drained soil. To keep the roots short, gardeners can periodically lift the plant and trim the roots back. Hostas are versatile plants that can be used in a variety of landscapes. With proper care, they will provide years of enjoyment.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Sedum is a hardy succulent that can thrive in a variety of conditions. Its roots are relatively shallow and fibrous, making it well-suited for growing in containers or gardens with poor drainage. Although sedum can tolerate prolonged periods of drought, its roots will benefit from occasional watering. For best results, plant sedum in well-drained soil in a sunny location.

Gardeners in colder climates should choose a variety that is winter-hardy in their region. To keep the roots short, the sedum should be pruned back periodically. With proper care, sedum will thrive in zones 3-9.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Lavender (Lavandula) is a perennial evergreen shrub that is best known for its fragrant petals and oil. The roots of lavender plants are relatively shallow, so they do not need a deep pot or garden bed. In fact, planting lavender in a container can help to control its spread. To keep the roots short, regular pruning is necessary.

Lavender will thrive in any gardening zone as long as it has well-drained soil and full sun. For best results, water the plants deeply and allow them to dry out between watering. Fertilize with a balanced fertilizer in spring and summer. Cut back the plants by half in late summer to promote fresh growth.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Mint is a fast-growing herb that can quickly become invasive if not kept in check. The roots of mint are shallow and spreading, so it is best to plant them in a container or raise it in a bed. Mint prefers a moist, shady location and will do well in most soil types. To keep the roots short, this herb should be cut back regularly. In frost-free areas, mint can be grown year-round. It is hardy in zones 4-10.


16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Image by Couleur from Pixabay

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a fragrant, evergreen herb that is native to the Mediterranean region. It is a member of the mint family and has both culinary and medicinal uses. Rosemary can be grown as a perennial in USDA hardiness zones 8-10, but it is often grown as an annual in colder climates. The plant prefers full sun and well-drained soil. It is drought-tolerant but benefits from occasional watering during extended periods of dry weather.

Rosemary roots are relatively shallow, so it is best to plant the herb in a container or raised bed to prevent the roots from becoming waterlogged. To keep the roots short, rosemary plants should be pruned regularly. When pruning, take care not to damage the woody stems as this can kill the plant.

Rosemary is a versatile herb that can be used in many different dishes. It pairs well with poultry, lamb, and fish. It can also be used to make tea, infused oils, and potpourri. Fresh rosemary sprigs can also be used as a garnish for salads and other dishes.

Where can I grow plants with shallow roots?

You can grow plants with shallow roots indoors or outdoors. If you’re growing them indoors, make sure to choose a spot that gets plenty of light. And if you’re growing them outdoors, make sure to choose a spot that gets at least six hours of sunlight per day.

While deep-rooted plants are often associated with strength and stability, shallow-rooted plants have a number of advantages of their own. For one thing, shallow roots make it easier for plants to access water and nutrients from the top layer of soil, which is where the majority of these resources are found.

In addition, shallow roots help to anchor plants in place, making them less likely to be uprooted by strong winds or heavy rains. Finally, shallow roots make it easier for gardeners to care for their plants, as they can be more easily reached with a shovel or hoe. Whereas deep-rooted plants can be difficult to dig up without damaging the root system, shallow-rooted plants can be quickly and easily removed from the ground. Consequently, shallow-rooted plants offer a number of benefits that make them an ideal choice for many gardens.

Gardening is my passion and growing plants indoors has always been a stress relief for me. Grow a banana tree in my apartment once (although failed to produce bananas).

Which plants like roots?

Here is a list of plants that prefer roots: peace lilyspider plant, african violet, aloe vera, umbrella tree, ficus, agapanthus, asparagus fern, spider lily, christmas cactus, emerald plant, jade plant Crassula ovata, commonly known as jade factory, Lucky Plant, Money Plant or Money Tree, is a succulent plant with small pink or white flowers, native to KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa and Mozambique; it is found worldwide Common as a houseplant. https://en.wikipedia.org › Wiki › Crassula_ovata

Crassula ovata – Wikipedia

Snake Plant and Boson Fern.

Why do plants like roots?

What causes root plants?Usually, root plants are Just plants that are too big for the container. Healthy growth can cause a plant’s root system to be too large for its container. Occasionally, plants may be placed in a container that is too small to start.

How do I know if my plant needs to be repotted?


37 related questions found

Why are my plant roots appearing?

The roots of the plant will begin to show when it’s too big for the pot. This is because the plant has grown large enough to grow roots to find nutrients. The roots will eventually fill the pot and begin to emerge at the top and through the drainage holes. Replanting the plant can solve this problem.

Is the root binding okay?

why Some plants do better bind as root

How can I make my spider plant more bushy?

Any trimmed leaves should be cut off at the base of the plant.always use sharp pruning shears Or scissors when trimming spider plants. Remove any discolored, diseased, or dead leaves as needed. To remove the spiderlings, cut the long stems back to the base from the mother and young plants.

What can I grow in a cloth pot?

3 gallon size cans are suitable for single plant like pepper, or some plants like lettuce or peas. A 5-gallon grow bag works well with just about anything, especially tomatoes, but peppers, flowers, herbs, potatoes, small fruit trees, and stevia also grow well in a grow bag.

Are cloth flower pots worth it?

Cloth flower pots are great for develop strong fibrous roots and keep them healthy without the need for regular root pruning. They come at a price because of low reusability and high price. By the same token, cloth pots have less of an environmental impact than plastic ones.

Do you need to make holes in the cloth basin?

Since it is a fabric « pot », No need to poke drainage holes in the bottom.

Should plant roots be exposed?

Works fast so you don’t expose the root to air longer than absolutely necessary. By gently massaging the soil at the base of the roots and extending them, you will give the roots a great start to a new growth pattern.

How can I make my radishes grow faster?

7 Tips for Fast Growth

How do I know if my pothos is root bound?

Signs of root green dill

Do you have to cut off the roots when repotting?

Roots tightly packed in pots cannot absorb nutrients efficiently. promote good nutrient absorption, Trim the roots and loosen the root ball before replant. Use a sharp knife or pruning shears for this job, removing the bottom third of the root ball if necessary.

What does a rotten root look like?

Roots affected by root rot look black, will feel mushy. Affected roots may fall off the plant when you touch them. Healthy roots may be black or pale, but they will feel firm and pliable.

How do you separate a spider plant from the root system?

When dividing spider plants, you’ll need a sharp garden knife, extra containers with good drainage holes, and potting soil.The idea is Cut and discard damaged roots, and then divide the healthy roots into pieces. Take the plant out of the pot and look at the roots.

Do plants grow better in fabric pots?

One increased root mass = increase production

Air pruning in fabric pots encourages the plant to grow new feeder roots. As root counts increase, plants are able to absorb more water and feed on more nutrients, helping them grow bigger and faster.

Can I use garden soil in fabric pots?

The ideal soil for use in containers should consist of materials that drain easily while retaining enough moisture for plant growth.you Never use garden soil for containers Or grow bag gardening as it contains too much clay.

Find a passionate gardener and you’ll likely find a jar of cuttings rooting on a windowsill. Rooting plants in water is one of the most time-honored methods of propagation and one of the easiest. Water propagation isn’t quite as simple as sticking the cutting in water and forgetting it, and not all plants can be rooted in water. Many that can, have become favorite pass-along plants due to the ease of multiplying them — not to mention the pleasure of giving them away.


Plants root better in distilled or rain water. The lack of chemicals keeps algae from forming inside the container. Using tap water is fine, but you will need to change the water every other day to keep your cuttings healthy. Clear glass is preferable to dark, colored or opaque glass. Plastic can be used, but algae seems to grow faster in plastic and build up on the inside container walls.

Trees and Shrubs

The best way to know if a tree cutting will root in water is to check for little bumps or nodes on the softwood branches, although not all will have them. Trees that are known to root in water include rose of Sharon , elderberry, avocado, loquat, ficus and willow. Shrubs include hibiscus, pussy willow, butterfly bush, gardenia, oleander, boxwood, croton, viburnum, plumbago, jasmine, ixora, jatropha and flowering maple. Some shrubs, such as hibiscus, jatropha and flowering maple, can be trained into small trees.

Annuals and Perennials

What is annual or perennial largely depends on your U.S. Department of Agriculture growing zone. For example, a geranium can live for many seasons in zone 9, but is an annual in zones 8 and below. Rooting cuttings is one way to keep a plant going over the winter indoors. Some annuals and perennials whose cuttings can be rooted in water include coleus, impatiens, lantana, brugmansia, ruellia, kalanchoe, sedum, shrimp plant, salvia, sage, lavender, fuschia, geranium, marigolds, dianthus, balloon plant, obedient plant, penta and forget-me-not.

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There are flowering and non-flowering vines that can be propagated in water. These include passion vine, clematis, ornamental sweet potato, ivy, dutchman’s pipe, bleeding heart, confederate jasmine, mandevilla and stephanotis. When rooting vines, it is best to submerge at least three nodes under water.

Vegetables and Herbs

While not many vegetables can be rooted in water, there are a few, including tomatoes, sweet potato vines and peppers. Herbs that will root in water include mint, basil, sage, dill, oregano and rosemary.

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Md Didarul Islam / EyeEm/EyeEm/GettyImages

Root crops and edible tubers both grow underground. These plants have been providing humans with nutritious food for thousands of years. Roots and tubers look similar, but there are differences.

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

What are Roots and Tubers?

A root is a compact, often enlarged storage organ with hairy stems that develops from root tissue. Tubers are actually underground stems and not roots. More specifically, tubers are enlarged storage organs, but they develop from elongated tissue at the terminal ends of stems instead of from root tissue. A tuber is an edible part of the plant, and a plant can have both roots and tubers.

Carrots and beets are root vegetable crops. Potatoes, sweet potatoes and yams, on the other hand, are edible tuber crops. There are differences in the way edible root crops, or plants, grow and the way edible tubers grow.

The reason root vegetables and edible tubers contain so many starchy nutrients is because these are the parts of the plants that fuel the growth of the plant above ground. While most vegetables grow above ground, root and tuber vegetables are the part of the plant that grows below the soil or on the soil surface.

What is a Tuber?

A tuber is a swollen section of an underground stem that contains nutrients, which it stores to nourish plants. It has nodes called «eyes,» from which new plants can grow. Unlike root plants, you can cut tubers apart with at least one eye per section, replant them and they’ll grow into new plants.

Vegetables That are Tubers

The white potato is the most common tuber that most Americans eat. Another tuber is the Jerusalem artichoke. Also called a sunchoke, this plant is often eaten raw. It can also be boiled or roasted similarly to potatoes.

The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension lists sweet potatoes and sweet potatoes as other tuber vegetables. Sweet potatoes, native to America, grow in different colors, including orange, white, yellow and red. Yams, which are also edible tubers, aren’t sweet potatoes and are native to Africa. They’re very large and have white flesh and dark skin.

Cassava is another edible tuber. It’s grown in tropical areas and is an important food starch in many parts of the tropical world. It has a short shelf life, however, which makes it hard to grow commercially.

Tubers provide the starch to keep the plants growing, and this is why tubers are important sources of starch in many parts of the world.

Vegetables That are Roots

Carrots, with their hairy stems, are a good example of a root vegetable. The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension further defines the carrot as a taproot, which is a different structure than the fibrous root system of most plants. The part of the carrot plant that we eat grows underground, while carrot greens are the feathery foliage that grows above ground. Carrots, like other root vegetables, contain nutrients and starches for growing the above-ground plant.

Beets, parsnips and turnips are other good examples of root vegetables. All of these vegetables, along with edible tubers, are full of nutritious starch that provides energy for both plants and humans. Sometimes, plant roots and their foliage are both edible. Beets and beet greens are a good example.

Root cuttings are a fun way of propagating new plants, and rooting hormone can increase the odds of success.

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Gardeners use multiple methods for growing new plants, including starting them from seeds, bulbs, and rhizomes. However, when the goal is to produce a plant identical to an existing plant, taking a cutting is usually the simplest way. A cutting is a 4- to 8-inch section of stem taken from a healthy plant and then put in water or a growing medium to root. Propagating by cutting is suitable for many types of plants, including some species of trees and bushes, but it’s especially well suited to the indoor gardening plants that tend to grow well from cuttings. Even those who aren’t familiar with advanced gardening concepts and are just trying to clone a favorite plant from a planter can often be successful with cuttings.

Cuttings from some plants, such as ivy and Dieffenbachia, root easily in plain water. Others need a little encouragement, and that’s where rooting hormone comes in. Rooting hormones are chemicals that stimulate the growth of new roots on cuttings. For example, the odds of growing a plant from a cutting taken from a cascading plant in a hanging planter increase when a rooting hormone is used. Finding the best rooting hormone is somewhat a matter of personal preference because most rooting hormone products are very similar.

  • RUNNER UP: Hormex Rooting Hormone Powder #3
  • ALSO CONSIDER: Hormex Rooting Hormone Powder #8

What to Consider When Choosing the Best Rooting Hormone

Rooting hormone products are relatively inexpensive and range from around $13 for a bottle that will treat up to 50 cuttings to $25 (or more) for a large container that will treat more than 100 cuttings. The most significant difference is in the type of product and whether it contains added ingredients, such as nutrients or fertilizers intended to help the plant grow and thrive once the cutting develops roots.


Rooting hormone products come in three main types: liquid, gel, and powder. No matter the type, all three are used in a similar manner: the gardener dips the end of the cutting in the hormone product and then puts the cutting in a moist, growing medium.


The majority of rooting hormone products on the market today contain one of two common chemicals, IBA or NAA, both of which are synthetic forms of natural plant hormones known to stimulate root growth.


Looking for the sticking power of an easy-to-use gel? Consider this option from Clonex that contains the active ingredient IBA for stimulating root growth. The gel seals the cut tissue around the stem, helping to protect it from rot while encouraging strong root development. The gel is suitable for use on different types of cuttings, including flowering species, woody plants, and fruit tree cuttings, among others. The jar contains 3.4 fluid ounces, plenty for rooting dozens of cuttings. There’s no mixing or mess, just dip the stem in the gel and insert it into a moist growing medium.

Get the Clonex HydroDynamics Rooting Gel on Amazon and at Walmart.

To propagate new cuttings, consider this rooting powder from Hormex that helps prevent stem rot while stimulating new root development. The powder, which can also help strengthen and bolster sagging cuttings, is suitable for use on most plants that can be propagated from cuttings. The active ingredient is IDA. The Hormex powder does not contain added chemicals, dyes, or preservatives, making it desirable for use on vegetables and fruit plants used in food production. In addition to treating cuttings, it is also beneficial for helping transplants adapt to a new location. Hormex #3 comes in a ¾-ounce jar.

Get the Hormex Rooting Hormone Powder #3 on Amazon and at Walmart.

Also from Hormex, this rooting hormone features the active ingredient NAA and comes in a concentrated liquid form that will treat dozens of cuttings. To use, dip a fresh cutting into the undiluted rooting hormone and insert the cutting in a moist growing medium. For an added root-boosting effect, mix 1 teaspoon of Hormex concentrate in 1 gallon of water and use the solution to saturate the soil around the new cutting. When transplanting newly rooted plants, use the same liquid solution for watering to reduce transplant shock. The inclusion of Vitamin B in the Hormex product adds a vital nutrient to the soil for robust plant growth. Best of all, the rooting hormone is available at an attractive price point.

Get the Hormex Vitamin B1 Rooting Hormone Concentrate on Amazon.

Get the Bonide 925 Bontone Rooting Powder on Amazon and at Walmart.

For quick rooting of most cuttings, opt for a rooting hormone like this one that contains the active chemical IBA. Suitable for use in most plants, including greenwood and softwood cuttings, this Hormex option is formulated to promote the development of healthy roots. The product comes in powder form for easy application. A singe jar contains 2 ounces of powder—plenty for rooting many dozens of cuttings. For best results, take cuttings only from the current season’s growth from a healthy mother plant. Dip the end of the cutting in water before dipping it in the powdered rooting hormone.

Get the Hormex Rooting Hormone Powder #8 on Amazon.

Our Verdict

The best rooting hormone can protect and boost growth of cuttings to propagate new plants. Our top pick, Clonex HydroDynamics Rooting Gel, seals cut tissue and boosts root development. Those who prefer a powder might prefer Hormex Rooting Hormone Powder #3, which can strengthen and protect sagging cuttings while boosting root growth.

How We Chose the Best Rooting Hormones

Use of a rooting hormone can help gardeners duplicate favorite plants from cuttings. Although most rooting products are similar, we looked at types and some features of products to help buyers choose based on personal preference. This list includes liquid, gel, and powder formulas and a choice of the two most common active ingredients. We also considered application methods and ease of use.


The application of rooting hormone increases the odds of success when propagating with cuttings. The product stimulates root growth and reduces the risk of stem rot. For gardeners new to the product, a few questions are to be expected.

How does a rooting hormone work?

A rooting hormone stimulates root growth at the cut end of a stem.

Is rooting hormone necessary for cuttings?

Not always, but it’s handy to have around. Some plants, especially indoor plants, can root in just plain water.

How long will my rooting hormone take to work?

Depending on the plant, roots should start to develop within two to six weeks. Research the plant you’re trying to propagate for a specific timeline.

Do rooting hormone solutions work for hydroponic plants?

Rooting hormones are often used in hydroponic systems to stimulate plant growth.

One way to keep your aquarium plants healthy is by using root tabs. These are meant to provide fertilizers and nutrients for the plants. However, picking the correct tabs for your plants can be challenging since several options are on the market.

The top 5 best root tabs for aquarium plants based on data are:

The rest of this article describes the three crucial features of the best root tabs: effectiveness, affordability, and durability. Read on for insights into these and a rundown of 5 of the best tabs for aquarium plants on the market.

The Best Root Tabs Are Effective, Affordable, and Last Long

When choosing the correct tab for your aquatic plants, there are usually three essential factors: effectiveness, affordability, and durability. And the best root tabs are those that tick off all of these boxes.

Effective root tabs can deliver all the nutrients aquatic plants need for optimum growth, such as phosphorus. Phosphorus is a macronutrient necessary for photosynthesis as well as cellular respiration in an organism. That’s why you’ll find it in everything from root tabs to fish food.

Another crucial aspect of a root tab’s effectiveness is its ability to maintain optimum PH level — proper balance in both PH and nutrition is important for healthy plants.

Fortunately, there are several brands and types of root tabs that are designed for this purpose. The only thing is to figure out which brand and type will fit your needs the best.

Root tabs are especially effective for plants that grow in sand or in gravel.

Root Tabs Should Be Affordable

The other important factor is affordability. This comes into play, especially for newbie plant lovers. You don’t want to break the bank when starting. And it’s understandable; all you need is a little guidance and some tips so that your plants will have nutrients to grow healthy.

Root Tabs Should Last Long

Suppose you take care of your plants regularly. In that case, chances are you always try to save some money when it comes to buying the right product for your plants.

Because of that, the last thing you would want is to buy a new batch of root tabs all the time because they break apart or fall off.

That said, which are the best root tabs for aquarium plants? I have selected five root tabs based on performance, price, and long-term effectiveness.

16 plants that take root and grow in water, without soil

Flourish Tabs by Seachem

Flourish Tabs by Seachem are the best root tabs overall. They contain all the trace elements and essential vitamins that plants need yet are affordable.

I’ve found that the most effective root tabs contain micronutrients like iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, and zinc.

Iron, magnesium, and manganese are crucial for energy production in plants. Further, potassium helps regulate the water balance of a plant so it can grow bigger with these nutrients.

Zinc helps in chlorophyll formation and helps aquatic plants to survive cold temperatures.

These tabs also contain inositol, a crucial component that aids in transporting hormones, including those needed to stimulate growth, in plants.

Biotin is another crucial ingredient of Flourish Tabs by Seachem. Biotin is essential in carboxylation, which is the first stage of photosynthesis in plants.

And that’s just the tip of the iceberg on what Flourish Tabs do. They’re one of the only tabs to contain chelated trace elements – which means they’re easy to absorb by plants without affecting pH or water hardness.

Caveat: Although these root tabs generally won’t affect water PH, they may alter the acidity of very soft water. Therefore, I recommend using them on buffered water.

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